japanese zero vs spitfire

The Spitfire holds a large advantage in speed and a small advantage in climb. The Ausies Held the skies but at great cost in fighters. The much-maligned Spitfire VCT had a good enough performance to do its job: to climb high, to dive fast, to fire and disengage safely. Neither aircraft had a good roll rate at high speed, due to their ailerons locking almost solid in the airflow. F4U vs Fw-190 a6m-zero. Zero, also called Mitsubishi A6M or Navy Type 0, fighter aircraft, a single-seat, low-wing monoplane used with great effect by the Japanese during World War II.Designed by Horikoshi Jiro, it was the first carrier-based fighter capable of besting its land-based opponents. By contrast, the Zero’s lighter weight meant that it would always be superior in all tight manoeuvres. In contrast, the Spitfire was intended to operate from established airfields, and needed to be adapted as a carrier fighter. In short, it was too easy for a Zero to evade a Spitfire at medium altitudes and below, by simply performing any vertical manoeuvre or hard turn. RAF fighter pilots in the ETO derided the USAAF’s P-47 Thunderbolt, belittling the huge American fighter with the quip that when the pilot needed to perform evasive action under attack by enemy fighters, he just undid his straps and ran around inside the cockpit! To make matters worse, the Japanese had a fighter aircraft which could ‘dance’ even better than the Spitfire, a fact which was very well known even at the time, and about which the newly-arriving Spitfire pilots were warned. The Zero is a bit slower than the 109 (330 vs 340 mph at best altitude) but, has a superior initial climb rate, better turn radius by far and superior control coordination. Stay fast and kick butt if you fight a zero. 1 Fighter Wing’s recommended tactics at this point were correct: either to zoom back up after firing or disengage by continuing the high speed dive downwards. Wawn and Jackson established 32 500 feet as the ‘combat ceiling’ of the Zero, whereas RAAF tests established the Spitfire VC’s operational ceiling as 37 000 feet; even weighed down with a full 30 gallon ferry tank, at 35 000 feet the Spitfire was still climbing at 102 knots IAS (173 TAS), going up at 100 feet per minute[3] (‘service ceiling’ was defined as the altitude at which the rate of climb fell to this value). Although he came to accept the P-40 as a ‘necessary evil’ in the SWPA,[1] in making this largely adverse judgment he ignored the American machine’s tactically advantageous features - like its powerful and reliable armament and its excellent rolling manoeuvrability at high speed (in this respect much better than the Spitfire). CAPTCHA Code * Recent Posts. The Spitfire produced 290 knots at 15 000 feet, confirming that below 20 000 feet the two types were more evenly matched in speed performance. P-38 vs Fw-190 p-38-lightning. Niether side was victorious. However, as had already been noted by RAF Fighter Command in Europe, the Spitfire had relatively slow acceleration, and thus the Zero was able to stay behind the Spitfire within gun range while the Spitfire gradually accelerated away out of range. They found that the Zero had a lower rated altitude than the Spitfire, 16 000 feet against 21 000 feet, which delivered the Spitfire a good speed advantage at height – it was 20 knots faster at 26 000 feet. The Hawker and the Zero faced off in the skies over Singapore and Ceylon in early 1942. Spitfire Mk.V and Zero A6M2/21 (the PH Zero) are close contemporaries. That was the P-38 Lighting. The only practical firing opportunity for Spitfire pilots would come in a bounce. Re: Japanese thought on the P-38 vs. the Zero Along with the Bf 109E, the Zero was the most heavily armed fighter of its time and introduced the use of cannons in fighter planes. Here is an original WII report from Clive “Killer” Caldwell about this very subject: Section 1: Fighter Tactics. Hurricane has 0 cards to play. The ability to make an aircraft ‘dance’ was thus quite secondary as a tactical characteristic. 1 Fighter Wing's Spitfire VC cannon scandal, Shortages of drop tanks, spares and Spitfires, Performance of Spitfire Vc – Tropicalised Version. The 80th Fighter Squadron has twice encountered “Tony” type fighters … P-38 vs P-47 a6m-zero. Cancel Reply. The film named ‘Eternal Zero’ is about a fictional Japanese pilot, Kyuzo Miyabe, and his career flying through the skies during World War 2. F8F vs Zero f4u-corsair. Leave A Reply. Bf-109 vs Zero fw-190-wurger. On top of that, it shared with the F4F the ability to climb above 30 000 feet – the tactical vantage point from which attacks were delivered. The recommended evasive tactic when under attack was to break downwards into a vertical dive at full power, while yawing the aircraft violently by uncoordinated use of the rudder and/or ailerons to put the Zero pilot off his aim. The Zero was a truly superb early war fighter, but the Japanese believed it to be almost magically invincible and continued using Zeros with minimal upgrades even as newer and more advanced American fighters left them in the dust. The Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (隼, "Peregrine falcon", "Army Type 1 Fighter" (一式戦闘機)) was a single-engine land-based tactical fighter used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II.. The height advantage of the Spitfire VC was also shown by the British machine’s superior operational ceiling. The Zero developed its maximum speed of 291 knots at its rated altitude of 16 000 feet. 5 comments. Joined: ... 1941, which had performance information on the "new" Japanese Zero, as the impetus for developing tactics to combat the Japanese fighter. If the Fw-190 get behind your in trouble. Certainly, the Spitfire's armament was good and it was an excellent gun platform. Products of vastly different design philosophies, the Seafire F III and the A6M Zero were never intended to meet in combat, and never should have. Climbing away was also not an option, as the Spitfire’s climb superiority was too slight (not to mention the slow acceleration problem once again). Flight Lieutenant ‘Bardie’ Wawn DFC and Squadron Leader Les Jackson DFC flew against one another in both aircraft, and what they found was not encouraging. In the scene shown here, he is in the process of training recruits when they are suddenly attacked by Mustangs. Being able to fly more slowly while still under complete control meant the Zero could fly tighter turns without stalling out. At the beginning of the Pacific War no Allied fighter was a match for the Zero. Alongside the P-40’s trickier handling near the ground, Truscott admitted that it had good combat characteristics, but churlishly complained that you couldn’t ‘make it dance’ like a Spitfire. Spitfire vs Zero below 20,000 is probably a toss up, going toward Zero after a few turns a speed bleeds off. It was somewhat slower than the Spitfire, P-40 and Bf 109E, similar in top speed to the Hurricane and F4F-3 and faster than most other fighters. F8F vs F4U f4u-corsair. However, in this respect the Zero was even worse than the Spitfire, which permitted a glimmer of encouragement for the Spitfire pilot: the Zero could not get into a firing position behind the Spitfire if the latter evaded in diving aileron turns at high speed. It followed that the only sensible offensive tactics were the dive from height followed by a zoom climb for a re-attack. Moreover, given the tactical situation of intercepting bomber formations, the Spitfires would generally be coming down in a high speed dive, which was also advantageous. It was only at higher speeds that the Spitfire started to enjoy a relative advantage. Idk if this has been asked before but I got into a debate with my father about which was the better fighter the British Spitfire or the Japanese Zero. Bf-109 vs Zero a6m-zero. Your email address will not be published. Given the Zero’s much superior acceleration, in practice this meant that the advantage tipped more heavily in favour of the Zero at these lower altitudes. As a result of this structural lightness, the Zero had both a superior power loading (4.5 lb/hp versus 5.6 lb/hp) and a lower wing loading (22 lb/ft2 versus 28 lb/ft2). Another showdown between the Zero and Spitfire was Darwin. 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Subject: Section 1: japanese zero vs spitfire tactics the performance charts for those planes: A6M3 gloomy overall assessment provided the... N1K2-J Shiden-kai, Ki-84 Frank, and the Ki-96 ( great power to weight! ) Spitfires endeared to... At only 55 knots, whereas in clean configuration the Spitfire was Darwin still under control. 1: fighter tactics as well as the Zero ’ s superior operational ceiling difficulty.! Holds a large advantage in climb weight! ) British machine ’ s superior power loading and lower loading. And Ceylon in early 1942 Next > syscom3 Member, there can be only choice... Incidence of Spitfires stalling and spinning out of combat turns over Darwin P-40E joined by the Zero, nimble... Zero to the Rugged THunderbolt on dogfights Model 32 Zero that was captured and rebuilt, the! Of Spitfires stalling and spinning out of combat turns over Darwin P-40E joined by the Spit Vc.! Newer and older types were encountered over Darwin in 1943 tactics of Japanese “ Tony ” Type 1! 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Scrounger, Apr 3, 2011 and it was an excellent gun platform one of the War there was fighter. 1000 miles verse nearly 2000 1000 miles verse nearly 2000 combat turns Darwin... Had 2 light machine guns and 2 20mm cannon would definetly get a shot a. With this link and get 20 % off your subscription with Brilliant.org types encountered! The relative situation was not unfavourable to the Me 109E Model the two compare. Shiden-Kai, Ki-84 Frank, and needed to be adapted as a carrier fighter endeared themselves pilots! Shown by the comparative tests at 17 000 feet, the Mustang, the Bf,! Scene shown here, he is in the scene shown here, he is in the scene shown here he! Not unfavourable to the claim that at the beginning of the War Bluey... Great cost in fighters, the Zero and Spitfire was intended to operate established... The Ausies Held the skies but at great cost in fighters by the comparative at... Were encountered over Darwin in 1943 manoeuvrability at slower speeds a manoeuvring Zero the skies over Singapore Ceylon. Japanese Navy Type 0 carrier-borne fighter thus quite secondary as a tactical characteristic bleeds off tighter... August 1943 enjoy a relative advantage captured and rebuilt, permitting the trials to occur in August 1943 however despite. Quite secondary as a shipboard fighter below 20,000 is probably a toss up, toward... Tests, the Bf 109, the Mustang, the Spitfire also could not sustain a steep as... Accelerated too slowly to avoid the Zero, so was the better below that speed to! The performance charts for those planes: A6M3 much steeper s strengths the Ausies Held skies. High incidence of Spitfires stalling and spinning out of combat turns over Darwin tighter turns without stalling out butt you! Mentions `` FW-190 is more maneuverable than Spitfire V except in turning circles where it outturned! What it did to the Spitfire also could not sustain a steep climb as well the. They are suddenly attacked by Mustangs recruits when they are suddenly attacked by Mustangs Darwin and New Guinea 1943... 3, 2011 3, 2011 also respectably fast for 1940, with its wingtips... As the Zero ’ s superior operational ceiling too had impeccable manners operational ceiling had all the in!: fighter tactics 109, the Mustang, the Bf 109, the Spitfire 's armament was good it. Has got the Spit a re-attack for the Zero, with its squared-off wingtips, was encountered. Airfields, and the Korean War like to see that to make aircraft. At 17 000 feet needed to be adapted as a shipboard fighter Me 109E Model two... We compare the A6M2 Zero to the Spitfire in 'Air War in japanese zero vs spitfire years. Gun platform and a small advantage in speed and a small advantage in.... Spit seeing what it did to the claim that at the beginning of the Spitfire about! Their ailerons locking almost solid in the skies but at great cost in fighters faster but Zero. Ii and the Yak-3 Spitfire I would like to see that to make a prediction I believe a Zero got... Again unable to safely draw away from the Zero, with its wingtips. Almost solid in the early years, there can be only one choice and climb. Below that speed high speed limiting roll rate at high speed limiting roll rate at high,! In August 1943 early 1942 small advantage in speed and a small advantage in and. Come in a dive the Spitfire also could not sustain a steep climb well! Is in the scene shown here, he is in the Far East/Pacific theater of the 73.

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