hindu caste list

If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. Hindu caste system totally changed and it appear in a new look after Indian independence. Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. They are generally rural laborers. The Vaisya are the third highest of the four varnas. 22, Decolonial Trajectories, pp. Scheduled Castes are entitled to reserved electoral offices, reserved jobs in central and state governments, and special educational benefits. This initiation into adulthood can takes place as early as the age of 7 and among other things means the wearer of the sacred thread is expected to follow strict taboos against eating meat. Pressed further, they may respond with a much more specific name of a caste, or jati , which falls within that varna . Indians often refer to the these occupational castes as jati. They are expected to collect water from muddy pools or stagnant ponds near the boundaries of their village. They have traditionally been self-employed farmers but now they make a living in all kinds of ways. Today's caste system basically stands on four major Castes namely Higher Caste, Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Caste (OBC). On the difference between Brahmin, Brahman and Brahma: 1) Brahmin refers to a person who belongs to the priest caste, the highest caste in Hindu society. The report, which urged special advantages for obtaining civil service positions and admission to higher education for the Backward Classes, resulted in riots and self-immolations and contributed to the fall of the prime minister. Other terms used to describe them include Depressed Classes, Avarna (outside the varna system), Antyaja (last-borne), Outcastes (inaccurate since they are in caste system), Adi-Dravida (meaning “original Dravidians”), external caste, backwards castes, Panchama (meaning fifth varna, a term developed to accommodate intercaste offspring into the caste system) and Pariah (a term used by the British based on the name of the major Untouchable group of Tamil Nadu). Wikisource:Castes and Tribes of Southern India. Because agriculture is the primary way of life peasants are the dominant caste. Many dasas were however in a servile position, giving rise to the eventual meaning of dasa as servant or slave. The word Brahma can refer to the creator god Brahma — one of the Hindu Trinity along with Shiva and Vishnu — or the first being created with every new cycle. Today, not only is that scorn, by the so-called “meritorious” caste Hindus, more apparent, there is a persistent demand for inclusion in reserved categories by such groups. The most important caste in this group is the Pulaya (Cheruman), which until 1850 was the caste of agricultural serfs of the Nayars, temple servants, and Brahmins. Ahluwalia or Walia -A descendant from Ahlu, a village near Lahore. Census enumeration 1as ceased to take cognizance of these groups since 1941 but they have not ceased to exist, although their rigour has much softened. In some villages upper caste families and Untouchable families are kinked in master-servant relationships. Many find this term patronizing. The touch of his body is polluting to those higher on the caste hierarchy than he, and they will shrink from his touch, whether or not he has bathed recently. The distinction originally arose from tribal divisions. For example, a Brahman may specify that he is a member of a named caste group, such as a Jijotiya Brahman, or a Smartha Brahman, and so on. 2) Brahman describes the Absolute, the Supreme Reality of the Vedanta philosophy. Such segregation are regarded as necessary measures to protect others from their polluting presence. Members of the highest priestly castes, the Brahmins, are generally vegetarians (although some Bengali and Maharashtrian Brahmins eat fish) and avoid eating meat, the product of violence and death. Websites and Resources on Hinduism: Hinduism Today hinduismtoday.com ; Heart of Hinduism (Hare Krishna Movement) iskconeducationalservices.org ; India Divine indiadivine.org ; Religious Tolerance Hindu Page religioustolerance.org/hinduism ; Hinduism Index uni-giessen.de/~gk1415/hinduism ; Wikipedia article Wikipedia ; Oxford center of Hindu Studies ochs.org.uk ; Hindu Website hinduwebsite.com/hinduindex ; Hindu Gallery hindugallery.com ; Hindusim Today Image Gallery himalayanacademy.com ; Some historians say that these categories were originally somewhat fluid functional groups, not castes. The Vaisyas are a very ancient category. VJNT Cast List In Maharashtra. In some places, Untouchables live in hamlets downwind from villages with non-Untouchables residents so their wind doesn't defile the higher caste people in the villages. Generally, feasts and ceremonies given by Dalits are not attended by higher-ranking castes. Eating food contaminated by contact with the saliva of others not of the same family is considered far too polluting to be practiced by members of any other castes. caste significado, definição caste: 1. a system of dividing Hindu society into classes, or any of these classes: 2. a system of… The Indian constitution, in Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,108 castes across 25 states in its First Schedule, while the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule. Hinduism by Swami Nikhilananda, The Ramakrishna Mission .wikisource.org ; They have traditionally been regarded as having such low status they don't even register on the caste system. Each village usually has members of 20 castes or so living there full time---farmers, bakers, tailors, merchants, tax-collectors, shoemakers, government officials, animal herders, servants, laborers, and artisans. Origin and culture. Some historians say that these categories were originally somewhat fluid functional groups, not castes. According to the classical 2nd century lawgiver Manu the duties of the Vaisyas were “to keep herds of cattle, to bestow largess, to sacrifice, to read the scripture, to carry on trade, to lend at interest, and to cultivate the land.” They were vital to keeping the economy going. It was reformed by Indian Parliament house and recognize Hindu caste system in different scheduled. According to Hindu texts jati emerged out of intermarriage between the varnas. Brahmin priest All About Hinduism by Swami Sivananda dlshq.org ; Villages are typically divided into communities made up of members of the same castes, with the dominant castes living in the center of the villages, and the lower castes and Untouchables on the fringes. They prefer to be called Dalits, meaning “ground down” and "oppressed." In some places Dalits are prevented from reading or studying Hindu scriptures. Singh announced his intention to enforce the recommendations of the Backward Classes Commission (Mandal Commission), issued in December 1980 and largely ignored for a decade. Odans 47. It has been argued that these spiritual leaders took the path they did as a reaction to excessive ritualism that was associated with their caste. Advaita Vedanta Hinduism by Sangeetha Menon, International Encyclopedia of Philosophy (one of the non-Theistic school of Hindu philosophy) ; Journal of Hindu Studies, Oxford University Press academic.oup.com/jhs, The first four varnas apparently existed in the ancient Aryan society of northern India. A greater degree of fixity gradually developed, resulting in the complex ranking systems of medieval India that essentially continue in the late twentieth century. Towns and cities are often divided into neighborhoods made up of members of the same castes, with the dominant castes living in nice neighborhoods and the lower castes and Untouchables in the slums. Many Kshatriya eat meat (not beef) and drink alcohol, which are denied Brahmins. They were described in the Rig Veda (dated to the 12th century B.C.) Vaisya are allowed to wear the sacred thread and are more well represented in northern India than in southern India. In the past some rulers have legitimized their status, especially as usurpers, by claiming their lineage was Kshatriya. In the past they were supposed to deny themselves worldly pleasures so they could be better soldiers. The Sudras are the lowest of the four varnas but are higher than Untouchables. Within such castes, people may further belong to smaller subcaste categories and to specific clans and lineages. Their low rank is based in on the general belief, often associated with Hinduism, that traditional occupations dealing with death, excrement, blood or dirt---such as butchers, leather workers, scavengers, latrine cleaners and street cleaners---are polluting to other castes and touching them should be avoided. Ahuja - A descendant of Ahu. High-ranking Warrior castes (Kshatriyas), however, typically consume nonvegetarian diets, considered appropriate for their traditions of valor and physical strength. [Source: Library of Congress, 1995] Although a varna is not a caste, when directly asked for their caste affiliation, particularly when the questioner is a Westerner, many Indi… Members of a caste are typically spread out over a region, with representatives living in hundreds of settlements. resembles in some ways Plato's ideal society of philosophers LIST OF SCHEDULED TRIBES IN THE KERALA STATE ( As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Order (Amendment Act) ... 44. On the one hand there is increasing resistance to reservation in jobs and educational institutions in the name of “merit”. If a member of a high caste touches an Untouchable the are supposed to take a special bath and perform a ritual to regain their purity. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by sect, location, and the castes of their predecessors. They and members of other lower castes are often described these days as "scheduled classes" (a term introduced by the British that means they are on the schedule of castes eligible for government aid). In any small village, there may be representatives of a few or even a score or more castes. Nadar (Hindu) 45. Sociologically, jati The above-mentioned BC b Caste List in Haryana, as well as BC-A, has been derived from the official website of Welfare of Scheduled Caste & Backward Classes Department , Govt of Haryana. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Religion, Caste, Folk Beliefs, Death - Castes. They have traditionally been traders, moneylenders, farmers and peasants, and now work in a large number of castes with similar ranking. National Geographic, the New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Smithsonian magazine, Times of London, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Lonely Planet Guides, Compton’s Encyclopedia and various books and other publications. Many believe that the groups … The Sanskrit term kshatra means “warrior, ruler” and identifies the second ranking varna, below Brahmins. Register on the one hand there is increasing resistance to reservation in jobs and educational in... Any small village, there may be descendants of the Indus people snake-charmers, bear trainers merchants! The groups … Hinduism - castes: the origin of the Rigveda, there are might 50... '' which means `` children of god. four main castes there are subdivisions. Forbidden from entering Hindu temples and schools, or touching members of other (!, Scheduled caste candidates have ever been elected in nonreserved constituencies they collect makes their children sick groups... 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