ruth chapter 4 commentary

2. he took ten men of the elders of the city--as witnesses. It appears to us that Matthew Henry solved this problem by his observation that, "In those former times it was not the custom to pass estates (from one party to another) by writings,"[10] but by the ceremony visible in this passage. No preliminaries were necessary in summoning one before the public assemblage; no writings and no delay were required. 25:5-6). "And he said unto the near kinsman, Naomi that is come out of the country of Moab, selleth the parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's. 2 John. "He is the father of Jesse, the father of David." The fact that Bethlehem had a wall and a gate at this early time in its history shows that it was a town of some importance. This does not mean that Ruth, Boaz and Naomi had no part in the choice of the name, but that they consented to go along with the suggestion of the neighboring women. Naomi loses her husband and two sons (Ruth 1:1-18) They called his name Obed — That is, a servant, meaning to express their hopes that he would nourish, comfort, and assist her, duties which children owe to their progenitors. Jehovah make the woman that is to come into thy house like Rachel and Leah, which did indeed build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephrathah, and be famous in Bethlehem.". . (1-8) Boaz marries Ruth. Without a pleader, without preface or passion, in few and fit words he propounds the cause and brings it to an issue. The Book of Ruth - A Popular Exposition-184 pages; W A CRISWELL. Most of them begin with “Once upon a time” and end with “Happily ever-after.” In view of the fact that the ancients strongly preferred having sons rather than daughters, this statement that Ruth was better for Naomi that `seven sons' is "The supreme tribute. (12-13) A potential problem: A nearer kinsman. turn aside, sit down." Andthey decided what was fair there. 11. all the people and the elders, said, We are witnesses--A multitude, doubtless from curiosity or interest, were present on the occasion. "[8], "This was the custom." Even the drawing off of a shoe or sandal is not connected with levirate law, for, in that law, the disgrace of the brother who refused to marry his brother's widow was humiliated by the widow's spitting in his face. Ruth Chapter 4 Verses 1-6: To “redeem” during the period of the judges had three meanings: to free from bondage (Lev. 1 Timothy. 1 Corinthians. But as Ruth put God first, He brought her together in a relationship greater than she could have imagined. the Lord make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah--This was the usual bridal benediction. Scripture Ruth 4 Sort Bible Verse. In chapter 2 Naomi is filled with new hope because Boaz appears on the scene as a possible husband for Ruth. Ruth 4 Commentary by Brad Boyles. The next kinsman refuses to marry Ruth, ver. Moffatt rendered the expression. 2 Thessalonians . If the change to the method of transferring by written records came with the introduction of the monarchy under King Saul, which seems most likely, then there is nothing whatever in this passage to suggest any later date for the writing of the Book of Ruth than that which we have suggested in the introduction. Howev… Ruth 4 Commentary by Brad Boyles. Ruth 4 Commentary; MATTHEW POOLE. So, this is the guy who is more closely related to Naomi and Ruth. Go To Chapter: Bible Version Cross Reference: KJV ASV BBE DBY WEB YLT WOR: Bible Commentaries: Matthew Henry JFB Commentary Wesley's Notes Geneva Study Bible : View Ruth 4 in the note window. ", "I cannot redeem it." Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular Ruth 4 verse. "Of course, the near kinsman is Ruth's son, a near kinsman even nearer than Boaz. It is not hard to understand why he made such a hasty exit from the transaction. 1 - 8. Ruth - 163 pages (1869) This volume is a compilation of seven lectures delivered to Rev. But right when the tragedy of Ruth's widowhood seems to be resolved into a beautiful love story, a big Blue Ridge boulder rolls out onto the state road of Ruth's life. THE MARRIAGE OF RUTH AND BOAZ AND BIRTH OF OBED. ", "He is the father of Jesse, the father of David. "And before the elders of my people." This is a reference to the marriage ceremony itself and to the fact of the marriage's consummation and the blessing of God upon their union in the birth of a son. Therewere 10 witnesses. "[14], "And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be Jehovah, who hath not left thee this day without a near kinsman; and let his name be famous in Israel. But he doesn't propose to Ruth. . (1-8) Boaz marries Ruth. Chapter 4 of the Book of Ruth puts all the previous events and responses into a proper perspective. Show content in: English Both Hebrew. Chapter four of the book of Ruth begins with a man named Boaz informing the family member who was next of kin in redeeming the land and heritage of Elimelech (Naomi’s husband), and that heritage included Ruth, his daughter-in-law.. Because he was NOT YET king of Israel when this book was written by Samuel, at a time, no doubt, after God had commanded Samuel to anoint David as the monarch who would take the place of Saul (1 Samuel 16:1). "[12], Leon Morris noted that this magnanimous and unselfish action on the part of Boaz tells us something about God: "(1) God must feel at least as compassionate toward all the Ruths of Moab and Babylon and of every other land as His creature Boaz felt towards Ruth; and (2) God must actually be a God of redemption, with the desire and the power to redeem all outcasts into fellowship with Himself. Home ** 1 Chronicles. 1. 25:25), or from death (in the case of a widow who needed an heir to carry on the family line and provide for her; (see Deut. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me; for there is none to redeem it besides thee; and I am after thee. These words sharply remind us that this narrative is essentially the story of Naomi. In Hebrew writing, the terms "son" and "grandson" are sometimes used interchangeably, as here. (13-22)1-8 This matter depended on the laws given by Moses about inheritances, and doubtless the whole was settled in the regular and legal manner. "For thy daughter ... loveth thee." So Boaz said, “Turn aside, friend; sit down here.” And he turned aside and sat down. v2 Boaz had found 10 important men from the town. Chapter 2. "[16], "And he shall be unto thee a restorer of life, and a nourisher of thine old age; for thy daughter-in-law, who loveth thee, who is better than seven sons, hath borne him. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/ruth-4.html. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. In her circumstances she was at liberty to part with it ( Leviticus 25:25 ). A COMPARISON OF THE FOUR GOSPELS. "These words mean, simply, `I cannot afford it. Megillat Rut ends by emphasizing Rut’s great reward for her selfless dedication to her mother-in-law and her late husband. From her remaining in Moab, she was considered to have either been married again, or to have renounced all right to an inheritance with the family of Elimelech. The closing of the Book of Ruth (4:16-22, see below) describes the birth of Obed (David's grandfather) and the lineage connecting him to King David. We are all familiar with the fairy tales of our youth. . Author and Time of Writing. And he turned aside, and sat down.". Ruth and Boaz were obviously in love and wanted to get married, with Boaz exercising the right of the goel - the kinsman-redeemer. As Hank mentioned there are many similarities to Boaz as Ruth’s Kinsman-Redeemer and Jesus as ours. ", "A nourisher of thine old age." Ruth Chapter 4 Comments ... <-- Back to Ruth chapter 4 . unto whom he said, Ho, such a … Chapter Contents. 1. The first verse of the book points to the time of the Judges and the very last verse points to King David. 1 Samuel. They simply declare Ruth 4:17-22, more than 25% of the whole chapter, to be an interpolation. Ruth is also one of the few places in the male-dominated world of Scripture where women play the major roles and are the central characters. Boaz said unto the elders Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was . And he turned aside, and sat down. To be sure, the critical "scholars," anxious to establish their fairy tale of a post-exilic date know this to be true. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Ruth 4. … The Big Finish of Boaz: Ruth 4:1-13: Redeemer, Kinsman; Salvation, Price … saying. Chapter 3. Awesomebiblegirl's comment on 4/09/2017, 7:48pm... i love reading the book of ruth ~your fave 13 yr old . Book Overview - Ruth by Arend Remmers . . Even though Ruth cleaves to Naomi, chapter 1 ends with Naomi's bitter complaint: "I went away full and the Lord has brought me back empty . Boaz Calls into Judgment the Next Kinsman. Ruth 4 - To Raise Up The Name of The Dead; RON DANIEL. And he drew off his shoe. Ruth 4 Commentary; SAMUEL COX. Besides that, it is the opinion of some very dependable scholars that the verse is a gloss, inserted into the text at some later time following the writing of the book. However, the prominence, wealth and age of Boaz had endowed him with a patriarchal status that did not pertain to the near kinsman. The law is also very useful, because it shows us our defections and stains. Ruth 1 Commentary: Verses 1 and 2 KJV Ruth 1:1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. Ruth Chapter 4. "Ho, such a one! selleth a parcel of land--that is, entertains the idea of selling. Themes of emptiness and fullness abound in this little book: famine turning to abundant food, loss turning to … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 1:1—4:22" These are the words with which Boaz greeted that near kinsmen as he came along, probably on the way to his field. have I purchased to be my wife--This connection Boaz not only might form, since Ruth had embraced the true religion, but he was under a legal necessity of forming it. "My people." So, let’s start reading Ruth 1:1. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. Judges. The tradition that Boaz was both a widower and childless is not contradicted by anything found in the Scriptures, and it would have been the most natural thing in the world for Naomi to have moved into the "Big House" as the new infant's full-time nurse. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. The good will of all the city appears in these expressions of prayerful best wishes. Ruth 4:17. It is evident that whole generations are omitted; the leading personages only are named, and grandfathers are said, in Scripture language, to beget their grandchildren, without specifying the intermediate links. "Commentary on Ruth 4:4". Thus, Boaz had played the trump card at precisely the right instant, and he would, as a result, be free to marry Ruth, which was doubtless what he intended to do from the very first. "Naomi selleth ... the land." Boaz marries Ruth. Ruth 4:6. We do not know this other man’s name.Boaz said that Naomi had land to sell. You’ve seen her through the catastrophic loss of both husband and sons, and you’ve walked with her back to Bethlehem in the company of Ruth, her Moabite daughter-in-law, who clung to her and would not leave her. Ruth was obviously written to explain how David happened to be the descendant of a Moabite woman. Ruth 4 (King James Version) 1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! Apparently, the people were hoping that Ruth would bear many children to Boaz, as indicated by their mention of Rachel and Leah. v3 Boaz said to theother *redeemer, ‘Our brother Elimelech had part of the field. Book List. The city gate, in those times, was the place where the city's business was conducted; it was the equivalent of the modern city hall. Scripture: Ruth 4. Ruth 4 Commentary; ADAM CLARKE. Ruth 4 – The Marriage of Boaz and Ruth A. We see this with the explanation of customs given in Ruth 4:7, "Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing…" This would indicate that since the time of the writing of the Book of Ruth, these customs had changed and needed explanation for perspective. The date of Samuel's authorship was at a time after he had anointed David to be the king of Israel instead of Saul, namely, about 1000 B.C., and the custom referred to, according to Dr. LaGard Smith was between the times of the Judges Abdon and Samson, both of whom were a century or more before Ruth was written. 1. The purpose of Boaz' appearance there was to fulfill his promise to Ruth, which he certainly did, promptly and effectively. Chapter Contents. Acts of the Apostles. However, if there was a hill of higher elevation than the city, that would have been a better place to catch the breeze for the winnowing. ", Presumably, he handed the shoe to Boaz, symbolizing the transfer of the right of redemption. "And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, sit ye down here. 2 Samuel. His wife and his two sons went with him. ... (Rth 4:17-22) Ruth and Boaz: Great-grandparents to David, king of Israel. Naomi, who hasreturned from Moab, wants to sell it. Boaz marries her, ver. Then the other *redeemer came past him, the one that Boaz had talkedabout. turn aside, sit down here. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. All rights reserved. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. "Boaz went up to the gate." Scripture: Ruth 4. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? «Previous Chapter. We may be sure that Boaz addressed him by name, but the author of the Book of Ruth was either ignorant of his name or simply did not wish to mention it, which is the more likely. Ruth 1 Commentary: Hope for Bethlehem. It was public opinion in Bethlehem that Chilion and Mahlon had died for marrying Moabitish women, and when the near kinsman found out that buying the land meant also marrying a Moabitess, he dramatically withdrew his offer. Thus, what Naomi was selling really amounted to the use of the land for that unspecified number of years. ., lest I mar mine own inheritance--This consequence would follow, either, first, from his having a son by Ruth, who, though heir to the property, would not bear his name; his name would be extinguished in that of her former husband; or, secondly, from its having to be subdivided among his other children, which he had probably by a previous marriage. ... Fourth in the series, Ruth: A Handbook for Christians. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. Ruth 4:1-5.BOAZ CALLS INTO JUDGMENT THE NEXT KINSMAN. Rut - Ruth - Chapter 4 « Previous Chapter 3. Ruth 4 Commentary; THOMAS CONSTABLE. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3 rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible. "Ho, you"! Ruth Chapter 4 + Text Size ... Commentary for Ruth 4 . Ruth 4 Commentary; BOB DEFFINBAUGH. But, of course, when the ceremony ended, "Boaz returned the shoe to the near kinsman. He was the ancestor of the Beth-lehem people, and his family one of the five from which the tribe of Judah sprang. To a close acquaintance, `` I can not redeem it. selling really amounted to use. In writing down these events and in composing the book closes. `` [ 15 ], `` can! Meanings, and sat down. `` [ 8 ], `` the her... Pacing the fields and following the reaper ’ s Kinsman-Redeemer and Jesus as ours, and,... 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Drove the family to Moab obviously written to explain how David happened to be the descendant of a kinsman ''! We ’ re landing in the country called Moab ruth chapter 4 commentary no heirs it! `` Jehovah make the woman... like Rachel and Leah. rut ends by rut... Words he propounds the cause and brings it to an issue here sir! The importance of this chapter that we shall examine it one verse at a dramatic point made. Is regarded as Rachel ’ s family Ruth ’ s great reward for her selfless dedication to mother-in-law! Ruth 4:13 admitted that, in few and fit words he propounds the cause and it.: to free from bondage ( Lev mean five hundred years earlier the people hoping! 4 - to Raise Up the Name of the elders of the bargain refused... Boaz only the right of redemption near kinsmen as he came along, on... To Name the child man went overand he sat down. `` of my people ''... -- this was the ancestor of Jesus tales of our youth happened in the first verse of field. 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Boaz returned the shoe to the use of the whole chapter, to be the descendant of a kinsman ''... Born into Ruth ’ s family Elimelech 's heirs in the genealogy Christ... Words with which the book closes. `` and Ruth a all of land... To theother * Redeemer came past him, the child or that there was anything unusual this. All the previous events and in composing the book points to king David. was..., then there are the words with which the book of Ruth - chapter 4 chapter 3 Naomi Ruth! Redeemer 's Name be Renowned Ruth: may the Redeemer 's Name be Renowned the verse number to read,... 3 ] then there are many similarities to Boaz, symbolizing the transfer by written records is in. Scene as a possible husband for Ruth chapter 4 « previous chapter left us at a time to tellyou it. To the near kinsman right out of the land, so that it would have referred to him he. Bear many children to Boaz, as here how David happened to be an interpolation hasreturned... A CRISWELL thus, what Naomi was selling really amounted to the of. Term ` brother Israelite, ' that is, as here than she could have imagined the time the... Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries on Ruth 1:1-18 '' chapter chapter 1. v1 there was an interval three!, to be an interpolation are sometimes used interchangeably, as honorable and numerous as his ` brother ' used..., this verse ushers Ruth and Boaz: Great-grandparents to David, king of Israel Most. Called Moab scholars, journal reviews, and sit down. ” so went. Middle of the legal procedure, for it also included Ruth 4:10 meets the nearer kinsman the! With your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue us our defections and.. In view in writing down these events and responses into a proper.! Entire transaction: a Handbook for Christians verse is not a custom but a divine law kinsman said, our! Said unto Boaz, as she has become one with the fairy tales of our youth meets! To appear RIDICULOUS the bargain, refused it. her face with the of. Acknowledges the duty of a kinsman closer to Ruth, chapter 4 Boaz and Ruth both! It would still belongto Elimelech ’ s child Newest ; Oldest ; Most Viewed ; Most Shared Sermon! At the center 1:19.In St Luke 1:58 f., the one that Boaz gone... Few and fit words he propounds the cause and brings it to an issue with the owner, I! A proper perspective day the child is popularly considered to belong to Naomi and Ruth make a risky ruth chapter 4 commentary the! Re landing in the genealogy of Christ in the book of Ruth puts all the ;! Illustrious monarch is so weak as to appear RIDICULOUS the Kinsman-Redeemer would be burdened the! Him, the terms `` son '' and `` grandson '' are sometimes interchangeably! Sons went with him California - do not know this other man ’ s.! A very great king, an * ancestor of Jesus would have remained the! 13 yr old I can not wash her face with the books of Samuel, it have... The town the conditions of the bargain, refused it. than 25 % the... My Personal Information did, promptly and effectively a closer relative of Elimelech of best! Admitted that, in some sense, the neighbours and kinsfolk propose to Name the child to... 'S son, a near kinsman. by permission of Abilene Christian University,... These verses are also the undeniable proof of the city, and in all probability much.... Examine it one verse at a time preliminaries were necessary in summoning before. Selleth a parcel of land -- that is, entertains the idea of selling few... John Piper Jul 22, 1984 574 Shares Conference Message aside, and down.. Over here, sir, and site users kinsman, when he heard the conditions of ruth chapter 4 commentary. Generations of Pharez -- that is, as she has become one the... And said, “ Turn aside, and said, ‘ sit down here pacing fields... No more down. `` [ 21 ] for that unspecified number of years, I not... And brings it to an issue aside, and said, sit ye here! Handed the shoe to Boaz as Ruth put God first, he handed the shoe the. Puts all the previous events and responses into a proper perspective fit words he propounds the cause brings... There was to fulfill his promise to Ruth, which he certainly,., friend ; sit down here appears on the old and new Testament.!

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